How to enforce low FPS in v4l2 for /dev/video0?

A place for discussion of topics that are not specific to ZoneMinder. This could include Linux, Video4Linux, CCTV cameras or any other topic.
Post Reply
Posts: 1
Joined: Wed Dec 07, 2016 10:24 pm

How to enforce low FPS in v4l2 for /dev/video0?

Post by hasselh » Wed Dec 07, 2016 10:35 pm

I am running 2 Philips SPC900NC Webcams under Debian Jessie (3.4 and 4.7 kernels). The cam is doing great in low light situations, if FPS can be reduced to 10 FPS or even 5 FPS. This works fine e.g. by recording a video with ffmpeg via:

Code: Select all

ffmpeg -f v4l2 -framerate 5 -video_size 640x480 -i /dev/video0 test.mp4
But with surveillance tools like Motion and ZoneMinder, the cam always defaults to 15FPS - independently of any FPS rates I set in these programs. Also running "v4l2-ctl --set-parm 5" gets overwritten when Motion or ZoneMinder are started (I checked with: v4l2-ctl --get-parm).

I played with v4l2loopback and the following config is actually enforcing 5fps: /dev/video0 -> ffmpeg -> /dev/video1 -> Zoneminder. But the problem is additional CPU consumption of ffmpeg.

Is there any possibility to archive 5 FPS by enforcing the FPS in v4l2 natively (avoiding adding v4l2loopback/ffmpeg to the mix) or directly through ZoneMinder ?

P.S.: I asked the same question in stackoverflow a few days ago, but got no responses so far: ... dev-video0

Posts: 25
Joined: Sat Dec 04, 2010 5:21 pm

Re: How to enforce low FPS in v4l2 for /dev/video0?

Post by mythedoff » Tue Dec 27, 2016 4:20 am

I can only offer an alternative. I use two Logitech webcams, a C920 for detection and Quickcam Pro 9000 recording at high resolution and I have no problems with framerate. I don't remember the command to get resolutions and framerates for webcams but resolutions only work with certain framerates.
Mine are running on a different machine than the zoneminder server and using mjpg-streamer. I call a script in crontab

Code: Select all

@reboot sh /path/to/

Code: Select all


# Logitech C920
# The higher resolution works but at 2 fps.
#/usr/bin/mjpg_streamer -i " -r 2304x1536 -yuv -d /dev/video1" -o " -w ./www -c USER:PASSWORD" &

# will do 10 fps at this resolution
/usr/bin/mjpg_streamer -i " -r 1280x720 -yuv -f 10 -d /dev/video1" -o " -w ./www -c USER:PASSWORD" &

wait 5

# Logitech Pro 9000
# at this resolution will only do 5 fps
/usr/bin/mjpg_streamer -i " -r 1600x1200 -yuv -d /dev/video0" -o " -p 8077 -w ./www -c USER:PASSWORD" &
C920 image quality is not very good no matter what setting I tried but detection is good.

User avatar
Posts: 2376
Joined: Thu Oct 18, 2007 1:55 pm
Location: Shiloh, IL

Re: How to enforce low FPS in v4l2 for /dev/video0?

Post by knight-of-ni » Sat Jan 28, 2017 7:47 pm

Since the device in question is a local device and not an IP stream, you should be able to control the framerate directly from zoneminder by placing a value into the max fps field.
Visit my blog for ZoneMinder related projects using the Raspberry Pi, Orange Pi, Odroid, and the ESP8266
All of these can be found at

Post Reply

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: No registered users and 9 guests